A higher intake of dairy foods, such as milk, yogurt, and cheese, is associated with higher volumetric bone mineral density and vertebral strength at the spine in men, according to new research by Hebrew SeniorLife’s Institute for Ageing Research.
The results have been published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Density.
Dairy intake seems to be most beneficial for men over age 50, and continued to have positive associations irrespective of serum vitamin D status.
In women, researchers found no significant results except for a positive association of cream intake in the cross sectional area of the bone.
Study participants included 1,522 men and 1,104 women between the ages of 32 and 81. Researchers examined quantitative computed tomography measures of bone to determine associations with dairy intake.
Shivani Sahni, the study’s senior author, said: ‘This study related dairy intake with QCT-derived bone measures, which are unique because they provide information on bone geometry and compartment-specific bone density that are key determinants of bone strength. The results of this study highlight the beneficial role of a combination of dairy foods upon bone health and these beneficial associations remain irrespective of serum vitamin D status in a person.’